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The area of present-day Pakistan was the cradle of the earliest known civilization of South Asia, the Indus Valley civilization (2500?-1700 bc).
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Introduction to Pakistan Wildlife Biodiversity of Pakistan Ecological Zones of Pakistan

Introduction to Pakistan

FACT FILE:
Total Area: 803,940 square kilometers
Land Area: 778,720 square kilometers 
Coastline: 1,046 kilometers
Climate: Mostly hot, dry desert. Temperate in the northwest; arctic in the north.
Terrain: Flat Indus plain in the east. Mountains in the north and northwest. Balochistan plateau in the west
Key Environmental Concerns: Water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff. Limited natural fresh water resources. A majority of the population does not have access to potable water. Deforestation, soil erosion, and desertification

 

Photo Credit: www.MountainZone.com

Pakistan, officially Islamic Republic of Pakistan, republic in South Asia, marking the area where South Asia converges with Southwest Asia and Central Asia. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad; Karachi is the country’s largest city. 

The area of present-day Pakistan was the cradle of the earliest known civilization of South Asia, the Indus Valley civilization (2500?-1700 bc). The territory was part of the Mughal Empire from 1526 until the 1700s, when it came under British rule. Pakistan gained independence in August 1947. It initially comprised two parts, West Pakistan and East Pakistan, which were separated by about 1,600 km (1,000 mi) of territory within India. West Pakistan consisted of the provinces of Sind, Baluchistan, muslim Punjab, North West Frontier Province (N.W.F.P), including all the princely states lying within the boundaries of West Pakistan. In December 1971 East Pakistan seceded and became the independent republic of Bangladesh. The present state of Pakistan is proving itself an independent and economically viable unit. Its economy has been changing from predominantly agricultural to a diversifies industrial complexion.

For detail information choose from the sections below:

References and Credits:

  • Pakistan," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2004
    http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2004 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

  • Atlas of Pakistan, Survey of Pakistan, Murree Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

 

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