Wildlife of Pakistan


Fishes

( Salt Water Fishes )


 

Great Barracuda
( Sphyraena Barracuda )

 

PHOTO CREDIT: BigFishTackle.com

 

Description and Biology:

Description: Greenish or grayish above, with silvery sides marked by numerous dark blotches. Tall widely forked with pointed lobes. Two other members of the cuda family might be encountered. The fairly uncommon Southern Sennet, Sphyraena picudilla, grows to about 18 inches, but looks very similar to the bigger Cuda and is usually found in schools. The Guaguanche, Sphyraena guachancho, is much like the Sennet in size, shape and rarity. It can be distinguished by a yellow or gold mid-body stripe.

Size: The Great Barracuda ranges from foot-long juveniles on shallow flats to 50 pounds or more offshore. Usual maximum is around 30 pounds, with the average being 5-15 pounds. World record 85 pounds (all above information from BigFishTackle.com).

Habitat and Distribution:

The Barracuda is at home almost anywhere from shorelines and bays out to blue water. Great Barracuda is seldom seen inshore, but is common offshore on wrecks and artificial reefs. Found throughout the Indian Ocean.

 

Spanish Mackeral
( Scomberomorus Maculatus )

 

PHOTO CREDIT: BigFishTackle.com

 

Description and Biology:

Description: Dark above with silvery sides. Many spots, which are both yellow and brown. The body is proportionately deeper than with juvenile King Mackerel, and the yellow spots appear rounder and brighter, but if in doubt, the only true identifier is the lateral line, which tapers rather gently from front to back with no severe dip.

Size: Common at 1-3 pounds; not too unusual at 5-7 pounds; maximum potential over 10 pounds. World record 13 pounds (all above information from BigFishTackle.com).

Habitat and Distribution:

This Mackeral is largely coastal, but roams offshore at times. Found throughout the Indian Ocean.

 

Greater Amberjack
( Seriola Dumerili )

 

PHOTO CREDIT: BigFishTackle.com

 

Description and Biology:

Description: Overall brownish or goldish. Heavy body. No scutes forward of tail fin. Dark oblique line through the eye that ends at the dorsal fin.

Size: Schools of young fish are common at 5-20 pounds. Average size over deep wrecks and reefs is 30-60 pounds, but 100-pounders are not too rare and the potential maximum exceeds 150 pounds. World record 155 pounds (all above information from BigFishTackle.com) .

Habitat and Distribution:

Adults are common at various depths, ranging from reefs several hundred feet deep to fairly shallow wrecks and reefs. Big ones also come close to shore at times. Found throughout the Indian Ocean.

 

Cobia
( Rachycentron Canadum )

 

PHOTO CREDIT: BigFishTackle.com

 

Description and Biology:

Description: In the water, Cobia look very much like sharks. The usual color is brown or dark gray above, whitish on the underside, with a dark stripe running from gills to base of tail. The striped appearance is more vivid in juveniles. Several rather sharp finlets on the dorsal surface extend from behind the head to the dorsal fin.

Size: Common from 20 to 50 pounds; sometimes up to 80 pounds, and possibly to 100 or more. World record 135 pounds (all above information from BigFishTackle.com).

Habitat and Distribution:

Cobia love to hang around navigation markers, wrecks and artificial reefs, where they swim both at the surface and down deep. They also escort wandering Mantas and other large rays, and many are caught around those hosts. Found throughout the Indian Ocean.

 


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