Zoos and Wildlife Breeding Centers
Pakistan, wildlife is treated as a provincial rather than a
federal matter. There are four provinces, each having its own
wildlife department headed by a minister. Wildlife habitats are
under the jurisdiction of the forest departments of each province.
There are six separate laws that pertain to wildlife, most of
which date to the mid-1970s, with only one amendment in 1990. This
legislation has no direct relationship with CITES, and when import
or export takes place, the CITES certificate is issued by an
agency of the federal Ministry of Environment, the National
Council for Conservation of Wildlife. There is no separate zoo
legislation as such. However, in order to start a zoo in, for
example, Punjab Province, permission from the provincial wildlife
department is required, as is a license fee of 2,000 rupees per
animal. There are penalties for keeping wild animals illegally,
ranging from confiscation of the animals to substantial fines and
imprisonment of up to six months.
may capture animals from the wild in Pakistan, but they may do so
only for research purposes and only with special permission from
the head of the wildlife department. There are no standards for
exhibition of animals or inspections although there is animal
welfare legislation. Pakistan does not have a specific Zoo Act or
Policy nor any legislation about captive wild animals, but there
is good legislation about wildlife in all the four provinces, that
is, in Azad Kashmir, in Northern Areas and in Federal Territory of
Islamabad. The basic outline of legislation is about the same with
a few differences according to local conditions, especially in
Rules framed under the Act called Punjab wildlife (Protection,
Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act 1974, and the Rules
framed thereunder 1975 (Annexure-1).
Recently six major ungulate species viz., Nilgai (Boselaphus
tragocamelus), Hog deer (Axis porcinus), Axis deer (Axis
axis), Chinkara (Gazella bennettii), Blackbuck (Antilope
cervicapra), and Punjab Urial (Ovis orientalis punjabiensis)
were shifted from Schedule III (Protected animals and birds) to
Schedule II allowing their captive breeding in the Private Sector.
Relevant notification and rules are also attached as Annexure –2.
Zoo is a semi-autonomous organization, so far being run following
a constitution framed in 1969. With the changing circumstances,
the Constitution has been revised and may be adopted shortly. A
new Zoo is envisioned at Faisalabad for which a Constitution has
been formulated. A Zoo in Punjab, Bahawalpur Zoo is a Government
Organization, and all the Government Policies/ Administrative
norms apply to it. A network of 22 Captive Breeding Centres has
been established in the Punjab province. These are again
Government Organizations and run on the pattern of Bahawalpur Zoo.
‘CITES’ as such has not been mentioned in the Punjab Wildlife Act
but as signatories to the Convention, Pakistan follows the
dictates. All the animals or animal products to be exported or
imported have to obtain a licence from the National Council for
the Conservation of Wildlife, an organization in the Federal
Ministry of Environment, Local Government and Rural Development.
While issuing such licences CITES Schedules are duly consulted.
Establishment of a ‘Zoo’ in the private sector is allowed in Sindh
province only. Legislation is being framed in other provinces.
Some animal collections are being maintained by interested
individuals, institutions, without obtaining permission from the
Department and these are usually ignored in the absence of a
is no bar on starting a Zoo for anyone who fulfils the criteria,
once it is allowed by the Government. Any one who applies for a
Permit will get it on the payment of prescribed fee.
Applications have to be filed for obtaining permission to keep the
animals in captivity. Penalties prescribed in legislation for
illegal hunting or capturing of animals are/can be imposed. This
information was taken from correspondence with the Office of the
Director General, Wildlife & Parks, Punjab, Lahore.
has 14 zoos of which 10 are government and 4 are private, and
about 22 wild animal breeding centers. The zoos are listed below
with government zoos starred *.
For detail information on Zoos
and Wildlife Breeding Centers in Pakistan, click on the list
highlighted in Green:
Jungle Kingdom, Rawalpindi
Landhi Korangi Zoo, Karachi
Karachi Safari Park*
Clifton Aquarium, Karachi*
Jallo Park, Lahore*
Murree Wildlife Park, Murree*
Loi bher Wildlife Park, Rawalpindi/Islamabad*
Wildlife Breeding Centers of Punjab
Attock Wildlife Park
Bahawalnagar Wildlife Park
Bhagat Wildlife Park
G. Khan Wildlife Park
Faisalabad, PWRI, Breeding Centre
Islamabad, Saidpur Hatchery
Kamalia Wildlife Park
Khanewal, Pirawala Wildlife Park
Khanewal, Pirawala Breeding Centre
Khushab, Sodhi Enclosure
Lawrancepur, Breeding Centre
Y. Khan Wildlife Park
Sulemanki Wildlife Park
Vehari Wildlife Park
Woodland Wildlife Park
Rawat Breeding Centre, Rawalpindi
Zoos in Sindh -- perhaps 6 private zoos in Sindh
Government breeding centres -- 22
Total = possibly as many as 40 captive wild animal facilities in
Pakistan in August 2000
Punjab Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries Department
Wildlife of Pakistan-All Rights Reserved.