Wildlife of Pakistan


Wildlife Sanctuaries/Game Reserves

Astor Wildlife Sanctuary:

Baltistan Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Baltistan Wildlife Sanctuary covers 415 sq km in Baltistan, contiguous with the Astor Wildlife Sanctuary to its south and east. It lies south of the Indus River, between Rondu and Shengus villages (John Mock). Important wildlife includes Snow Leopard, Brown Bear, Lynx, Tibetan wolf, Tibetan fox, Markhor, Blue sheep and Asiatic ibex.

Cholistan Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • The Cholistan desert area in the south eastern portion of the province of Punjab contains some of the most rare and interesting wildlife in Pakistan. Some of the rare animals of this region are Desert wolf(rare), Indian fox, Red fox, Jackal, Small indian civet, Small indian moongoose, Indian grey mongoose, Indian desert cat, Jungle cat, Caracal cat, Chinkara grazelle, Blackbuck, Nilgai antelope, Houbara bustard, Peregrine falcon, Saker falcon,Black backed vulture, Indian cobra, Monitor lizard, Saw scaled viper and Russells viper.

Mahal Kohistan Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Mahal Kohistan Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the south of Kirthar National Park. Wildlife includes Common fox, Jackal, Jungle Cat,Chinkara Gazelle, Urial, Monitor Lizard and Indian cobra

Hab Dam Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Hub Dam is Pakistan's third largest dam. This dam is situated in the north of Karachi bordering the Kirthar National Park. A large water storage reservoir constructed in 1981 on the Hub River, in a region of arid plains and low stony hills. Much of the shoreline is steeply shelving and stony, but there are many shallow bays and small islands. The greater part of the reservoir (in Balochistan) is unprotected; the eastern shore and area south of the Dam (in Sindh) are protected in the Kirthar National Park and Hub Dam Wildlife Sanctuary., respectively. The lake formed by the dam covers an area of 32 square miles and is an ideal place for bird watching. There is plenty of waterfowl in the lake,both resident and migratory. The surrounding hills are the home of Urial, Sind wild goat, Chinkara gazelle, Wolf, Jackal, Common fox, Pangolin and numerous other birds and reptiles.

Kargah Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Kargah Wildlife Sanctuary covers 445 sq km of the Kargah Valley just five km north-west of Gilgit (John Mock). This area contains a small population of the Astor Markhor. The current population is inbetween 75-150 (Roberts/Hess).

Naltar Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Naltar Wildlife Sanctuary covers 273 sq km of the Naltar Valley to its juncture with the Hunza River, and is contiguous with the Pakora and Sherqila Game Reserves (John Mock). A small population of Astor Markhor is found here.

Nara Desert wildlife Santuary:

  • The Nara desert provides refugee to a large number of wildlife in Sind province. The Nara Canal Area, a chain of some 200 small, permanent and seasonal, freshwater, brackish and saline lakes and marshes stretching for about 150 km along either side of the Nara Canal from Sorah in the north to Sanghar in the south is known to be of great importance for wintering waterfowl and other wildlife, but few surveys and censuses have been carried out, except at a few of the southernmost lakes. The largest population of the endangered Mugger Crocodile in Pakistan is found here. Other animal life includes Jackal, Fox, Pangolin, Honey Badger and Wolf.

Chasma and Taunsa Barrage Dolphin Santuary :

  • The Chashma and Taunsa Barrage are declared Wildlife Sanctuaries by the Punjab government. A very important breeding, staging and wintering area for a wide variety of waterfowl, including at least one threatened species (Marmaronetta angustirostris). Mid-winter waterfowl counts in recent years have regularly exceeded 20,000 birds. The endangered Indus Dolphin (Platanista indi) occurs in the river both upstream and downstream of the barrage. Since the 1970s, the population of the Indus Dolphin has significantly increased here.

Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary :

  • The Rann of Kutch wildlife sanctuary lies in the southeast of the province Sind bordering India. The marshy Runn of Kutch and its surrounding desert area in Sindh is one of the most potential habitat for numbers of animal and birds in the province. This area is known to be a breeding ground for Flamingoes and staging ground for Pelicans, Cranes, Storks and many species of waterfowl and also important site for animals like Wild Ass, Blue bull, Chinkara and Desert wolf, which have been sighted regularly. This area used to have the only population of the Indian Wild Ass or Onager in Pakistan. Unfortunately they are thought to have been exterminated. Nilgai may be found here.

Sukkur and Guddu Barrage Dolphin Reserve :

  • This dolphin reserve was declared a reserve for the Indus Dolphin in 1974. A stretch of about 135 km of the Indus River from Sukkur Barrage upstream to Guddu Barrage. The Reserve includes the full width of the river when in spate and a strip of land three miles wide on either side of the river. The river area between Sukkur and Guddu barrage contains the largest population of the endangered Indus Blind River Dolphin, which is endemic to Pakistan. The population has risen steadily due to the effort of WWF-Pakistan and Sind Wildlife Board. Numbers are thought to be inbetween 400-500.

Tooshi Game Reserve:

  • Tooshi Game Reserve, along the paved road to Garam Chashma in Chitral's Lutkho district, covers 1000 hectares and is proposed to be reclassified as a wildlife sanctuary, as it has a large (about 160) and readily viewable markhor population. The markhor are best seen along the road at dusk. The jeep ride is just 20 minutes from Chitral town. (Information by John Mock).

Kilik/Mintaka Game Reserve: