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Broad-mouth frogs of Pakistan: Family Ranidae

 



Family: RANIDAE  

 

The Ranidae family or True Frogs consists of typical frogs with long legs, narrow waists, smooth skin, free fingers, and toes joined by webs. Most have dorsolateral ridges, which are raised longitudinal folds of glandular tissue. Vocal pouches on males are situated either at the sides or underneath of the throat. Breeding males have swollen forearms and enlarged thumbs. This family can be found in all continents except Antarctica.

Ranid frogs of the subcontinent and Southeast Asia are a heterogeneous assemblage (Boulenger, 1920; Afzal et al., 1988). Several workers have tried to resolve taxonomic problems surrounding this genus. To avoid controversy, Boulenger (1890) placed ranids of the subcontinent in genus Rana. Later in 1920 he placed 55 ranid species from the subcontinent and southeast Asia in subgenus Rana of genus Rana. However, all subsequent workers (< biblio >) have accepted his 1890 apparent trouble settling idea. However, divisions within genus Rana proposed by Dumeril and Bibron (1841), Fitzinger (1843), Peters (1863) and others has now been accepted (Frost, 1985; Dubois, 1975, 1984, 1986, 1992; Dutta, 1997)

There are 10 species of Ranidae frogs in Pakistan. In the table below the recent generic allotment of ranid frogs of Pakistan, is given to update our knowledge of the taxonomy of Pakistani frogs.

 Recent generic allocation of the frogs of Pakistan 

 

Boulengerian (1890) concept

Family RANIDAE

Genus Rana

 

Species:

 

cyanophlyctis

 

tigerina

 

limnocharis

syhadrensis

 

 

 

pleskei

 

vicina

barmoachensis

sternosignata

hazarensis

 

brevicep

Recent status

Family RANIDAE

Genus Euphlyctis

 

Species:

 

cyanophlyctis

Genus Hoplobatrachus

tigerinus

Genus Fejervarya

limnocharis

syhadrensis

 

Family MEGOPHRYIDAE

Genus Scutiger

nyingchiensis

Genus Paa

vicina

 

sternosignata

hazarensis

Genus Sphaeroteca

breviceps

Family Ranidae is by five genera and ten species of frogs in Pakistan:

 

 

Special Note: The information on this page was written by Dr. Muhammad Sharif Khan and taken from the AmphibiaWeb database, University of California at Berkeley.  I am extremely grateful to both the author Dr. Muhammad Sharif Khan and AmphibiaWeb for allowing me to use the information, under special permission. As such, all information on this page is the copyright property of Dr.  Muhammad Sharif Khan and AmphibiaWeb and should not be used without the written permission of the copyright holders.  

 

 

 

References and Credits:

  • The Tree of Life Web Project (ToL) (http://tolweb.org)

  • Written by M. S. Khan (typhlops99@hotmail.com), Herp Lab, Rabwah, Pakistan

  • AmphibiaWeb database, University of California at Berkeley 
    ( http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/aw/index.html )

  • Nausherwan Ahmed

 

 

©1997-2005 Wildlife of Pakistan-All Rights Reserved.
Updated May 8th, 2005